Before the Meatball

NASA’s logo may have been cooler, but the NACA emblem was worn by famous pilots like Orville Wright and Eddie Rickenbacker.

Test pilot Lawrence Clousing with a Lockheed P-80, Moffett Field, California, 1948. Note the NACA emblem, with no periods, on the wall of the Ames Aeronautical Laboratory. (GPN-2000-001528)
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Most people are familiar with NASA’s famous logos, the classic “meatball” and the now defunct “worm” used in the space shuttle era. But what about the space agency’s predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)? Its logo is more obscure, according to Joseph R. Chambers and Mark A. Chambers, authors of the new book Emblems of Exploration: Logos of the NACA and NASA. In fact, the NACA didn’t even have an official insignia for its first 25 years, and the designer of the original logo isn’t known.

Created in 1915, the NACA officially dedicated the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory and its first wind tunnel in Virginia in 1920. At that time, the building’s architects included an engraving of “a circular symbol containing stylized versions of the letters ‘NACA’ with eagle-like wings on either side” over the main entrance. This embellishment is likely the first use of a winged emblem by the organization. In 1923 the winged emblem showed up on a NACA aircraft, a de Havilland DH-9 biplane. (Unfortunately, no clear photos exist.) A similar emblem can be seen in 1929 photographs of a Fairchild FC-2W2 transport. These were the only two NACA aircraft to carry this emblem, say the authors, and these specific logos were never used again. In the 1930s the wings insignia evolved—periods were added after each letter—but it didn’t become standardized until 1941.

Scroll through the pictures below to see more examples of how the NACA insignia appeared on ID badges and service pins.    

First known use of a winged emblem by the NACA. The architectural firm Donn & Deming may have designed the logo. (NASA L-02056)
Illustration of the NACA emblem carried on the FC-2W2 transport, circa 1928. On future emblems, the organization's name would be shortened to the letters "NACA." (NASA/Courtesy Jennings Heilig)
Ames test pilot George Cooper poses with an F-100 that displays the modified standard wings insignia under the forward fuselage. (NASA A-22548)
This lapel pin could be purchased by NACA employees beginning in 1943. (NASA/Courtesy Peter W. Merlin)
This card identifies Edward V. "Eddie" Rickenbacker as a member of the NACA Committee from 1956 to 1958. (NASA/Courtesy Peter V. Merlin)
Orville Wright's badge for access to the U.S. Army Air Forces Materiel Center at Wright Field. The badge is resting on original fabric from the 1903 Wright Flyer. (NASA/Courtesy Keith Yoerg)

Adapted from Emblems of Exploration: Logos of the NACA and NASA with the permission of the publisher.

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