Magazine Staff

Linda Musser Shiner

Art Director
Ted Lopez

Senior Editor
Tony Reichhardt

Copy Chief
Perry Turner

Departments Editor
Heather Goss

Senior Associate Editors
Rebecca Maksel
Diane Tedeschi

Associate Editors
Chris Klimek
Zach Rosenberg

Photography and Illustrations Editor
Caroline Sheen

Web Editor
Tony Reichhardt

Digital Producer
Lauren Johnson

Roger A. Mola

Founding Editor
George C. Larson


Roger Bilstein
William E. Burrows
Tom Crouch
David DeVorkin
Freeman Dyson
Daniel Ford
Greg Freiherr
William Gregory
Dan Hagedorn
R. Cargill Hall
Richard Hallion
Jim Hansen
Gregg Herken
Nick Komons

Eric Long
Stephen Maran
Laurence Marschall
Ted Maxwell
Marshall Michel
Ron Miller
Brian Nicklas
James Oberg
Dominick Pisano
George Robinson
Chad Slattery
Marcia Smith
Stephan Wilkinson

Editorial: (202) 633-6070
Web site:

Air & Space/Smithsonian (ISSN 0886-2257) is published bimonthly by Smithsonian Enterprises, MRC 513, PO Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013-7012. We may occasionally publish extra issues. Periodical postage paid at Washington, DC, and additional mailing offices.

POSTMASTER: Send change of address to AIR & SPACE/Smithsonian, PO Box 62080, Tampa, FL 33662-0808. Printed in the USA. Canadian publication agreement no. 40039324. Canadian return address: Brokers Worldwide, PO Box 1051, Fort Erie, ON L2A 6C7 Canada.

©Smithsonian Institution 2012. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Editorial offices: MRC 513, P.O. Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013. Circulation and advertising offices: 420 Lexington Ave., New York, NY 10170.

Subscriptions: U.S. and possessions: $26 a year payable in U.S. funds. Canada and all other countries: add $6.00 (U.S. funds) per year. Ninety-nine percent of dues is designated for magazine subscription. For Address changes and subscription orders: mail to Air & Space/Smithsonian, PO Box 62080, Tampa, FL 33662-0808; call (800) 513-3081; outside the U.S., call (813) 910-3609.

Mailing Lists: We sometimes make our subscriber list available to companies that sell goods and services that we believe would interest our readers. If you do not want to receive such mailings, send your current mailing label or, an exact copy, to: AIR & SPACE/Smithsonian, Mail Preference Service, PO Box 62080, Tampa, FL 33662-0808.

Single copies: To purchase an issue (current $5.99, back issue $7), please write AIR & SPACE/Smithsonian, 420 Lexington Ave., Suite 2335, New York, NY 10170; or call (212) 916-1300.

President, Smithsonian Enterprises
Christopher A. Liedel

Vice President
Carole LeBlanc

Chief Content Officer
Barbara Rehm

General Manager, Media Group
Alan Chu

VP, Advertising Sales & Marketing
Stephen P. Giannetti

Group Publisher
Jennifer Hicks

Chief Digital Officer
Bill Allman

(212) 916-1300

Associate Publisher/Advertising Director
Christopher P. Wightman

Account Managers
New York: Meryle Lowenthal, Walker Mason, Elise I. Boeger, Elissa Gross
Northeast: Sarah Herring
Midwest: Susan Welter
Detroit: Laura Regalado
Southwest: Brian Davis
Southeast: Z Media
West Coast: Charles Carroll, Kelly D. Maier
Caribbean / Central America: Al Nadal
Mexico: Elsie Mendez Enriquez 
Canada: Richard Brown, David Seaberg, Greg M. Smith
Japan: Yoshinori Ikeda, Shigenori Nagatomo
Thailand: Yvan Van Outrive, Ja Pipatra

Korea: S.S. Song
Direct Response: MI Media Services, LLC
Advertising Coordinator: Megan Miesen
Interactive Ad Operations Coordinator: Sandra C. Francois

Judy Glassman, Marketing Director
Annie K. Sullivan, Associate Art Director
Ellyn L. Hurwitz, Associate Marketing Director 
Kelsey Newman, Associate Marketing Manager
Scott Karrel, Promotion Coordinator
Linda Lawrence, Associate Research Manager

Consumer Marketing
Lisa Dunham, Consumer Marketing Director
Timothy M. Smith, Planning Director
Susan Warner, Renewals and Gift Director
Lori Paldino, New Business Director
Jonathan Balangon, Gift Manager
Stephanie Petta, Marketing Manager, New Business
Cara Klewin, Renewals Marketing Coordinator

Online Publishing Group
Perrin Doniger, Senior Mngr., Audience and Product Dev.
Bilikya Schiller, Senior Web Designer

Sarah D. Kingsley, Director
Katherine Balch, Prepress Director
Frank Matthew Hale II, Prepress Manager
Penie Atherton-Hunt, Prepress Systems Manager
Bill Whitcher, Color and Quality Manager

Business Office
Ed Dequina, Business Manager
James A. Babcock, Admin. Projects Coord.
Joanne Hubbard, Accountant