Early Vertical Landing

The Ryan X-13 Vertijet, the first pure jet-powered Vertical Takeoff or Landing (VTOL) aircraft, began testing at California’s Edwards AFB in 1955. By 1957, when Ryan test pilot Pete Girard made the first flight featuring a vertical takeoff and landing and a transition to horizontal flight, the aircraft had already made many successful conventional takeoffs and landings using a temporary landing gear. Video: airspacemag.com (0:57)

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